1. Topical treatments – come in the form of gels, lotions and creams that are applied directly to the skin.
  2. Systemic treatments (tablets) – medications taken by mouth.
  3. Other treatments – light and laser devices to treat redness and dilated blood vessels,

Topical treatments

Topical treatments provide the mainstay of therapy for many individuals with this condition and maybe used alone or in combination with an oral medication. They have various active ingredients to treat the inflammatory component of the rosacea. When using topical treatments, these are usually applied to the areas affected by rosacea and not just to individual spots.

Systemic treatments

May be prescribed in circumstances where the rosacea is more severe or where topical treatments have not worked, or are not recommended. These treatments are oral antibiotics. In some cases, your doctor may recommend a topical treatment and oral treatment together (combination therapy).

For severe rosacea that responds poorly to prescribed treatment, referral to a dermatologist may be considered for assessment and further treatment. In severe cases of rosacea where the symptoms of acne like spots (papules and pustules) do not respond to oral antibiotics, other systemic treatment may be considered but is prescribed under specialised supervision due to the potential for side effects, and strict monitoring required while on this medication.

Other treatments

Individuals with eye involvement symptoms (Ocular rosacea), may be referred to an ophthalmologist for further management.

Laser and light devices are sometimes used in the treatment of rosacea; these treatments usually target the redness and broken veins (telangiectasia) of rosacea and are available in private dermatology clinics. Your doctor can advise you on whether this is an appropriate option for you.

Cosmetic camouflage can be used to cover the skin. This option can be further explored on Irish Red Cross , Ireland, which runs free one-to-one skin camouflage training.