It has been suggested that ultraviolet rays can trigger a flare or exacerbate symptoms. It is advisable to avoid direct sunlight and use a broad spectrum sunscreen offering protection from both UVA/UVB, with a minimum SPF 30.
If possible, identify and avoid any lifestyle or environmental factors which trigger or exacerbate symptoms, common triggers already mentioned include, alcohol, hot beverages, spicy foods, extremes in temperatures and others. Sometimes it may help to keep a written record of flare-ups to identify any trigger.
Individuals with rosacea, often have sensitive, easily irritated skin. Therefore, it is important to select mild, non-irritating, fragrance-free, alcohol-free, skin care products.
Cleansing – Avoid vigorous washing and scrubbing as this can irritate the skin. Wash the skin with a gentle skin cleanser or a soap substitute, use lukewarm water and pat skin dry.
If the skin is dry or sensitive, use a moisturiser which is fragrance free and “non-comedogenic” or “oil free”, on a regular basis to improve skin hydration and skin barrier function.
Shave carefully – electric shavers may be more comfortable for men with rosacea. Avoid any shaving creams or lotions that burn or sting your skin.
If your eyes are affected, consult with your doctor. For mild eye symptoms which may include dryness a gritty feeling in the eyes, eye care may help in managing these symptoms. These would include: washing the eyes twice daily with warm water and using artificial tears.
Use prescribed topical preparations and oral rosacea medications as directed; e.g. take them at the correct time of day, as often as prescribed, at the right dose.
Unfortunately, patience is necessary; rosacea treatment may take time to take effect. Depending on the individual and type of treatment (topical or oral), some studies have suggested it may take 6 – 12 weeks before any particular therapy is abandoned for another.
As rosacea is a visible inflammatory skin condition, even mild cases of rosacea can cause distress and embarrassment. If your rosacea is affecting your mental health and the symptoms are not under good control, speak with your doctor.